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Lesson Credits

Content References

  • Introduction, Page 1: Key World Energy Statistics 2012, © OECD/IEA, 2012, p.6. Http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/kwes.pdf.
  • Introduction, Page 2: Nommensen, Arthur. List of common conversion factors (Engineering conversion factors). IOR Energy. Retrieved from http://hypertextbook.com/facts/2003/ArthurGolnik.shtml.
  • Introduction, Page 4: IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change[Core Writing Team, Pachauri, R.K and Reisinger, A. (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 104 pp.
  • Key Idea 1: The Many Faces of Energy, Page 2: Hogan, C. M. (2013). Fossil fuel. Retrieved from http://www.camelclimatechange.org/view/article/51cbedcf7896bb431f694153.
  • Key Idea 3: Heat, Page 13: Volume of Earth’s Oceans. The Physics Factbook. Edited by Glenn Elert. Retrieved from http://hypertextbook.com/facts/2001/SyedQadri.shtml.
  • Key Idea 4: Work, Page 5: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Estimated U.S. Energy Use in 2012: ~95.1 quads. Retrieved from  https://www.llnl.gov/news/newsreleases/2013/Jul/images/28228_flowcharthighres.png.
  • Key Idea 4: Work, Page 6: Eubanks, L. P.; Middlecamp, C. H.; Pienta, N. J.; Heltzel, C. E.; Weaver, G. C. Energy, Chemistry, and Society. Chemistry in Context: Applying Chemistry to Society, 5th ed; McGraw Hill: Boston, 2006; pp 174-178.
  • Key Idea 5: Energy and Phase Changes, Page 9: NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory. Severe Weather 101: Thunderstorm Basics. Retrieved from http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/education/svrwx101/thunderstorms/.
  • Key Idea 7: Enthalpy, Page 7: NIST Webbook; http://webbook.nist.gov.
  • Key Idea 7: Enthalpy, Page 12: Density of Ice. The Physics Factbook. Edited by Glenn Elert. Retrieved from http://hypertextbook.com/facts/2000/AlexDallas.shtml.
  • Key Idea 7: Enthalpy, Page 12: Arctic Sea Ice Anomaly, version 2. Daily Average Arctic Sea Ice Thickness from PIOMAS. Polar Science Center. Retrieved from http://psc.apl.washington.edu/wordpress/research/projects/arctic-sea-ice-volume-anomaly/.

Definitions: Adapted from:

  • IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M.Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
  • IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997). XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006-) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, B. Kosata; updates compiled by A. Jenkins. ISBN 0-9678550-9-8. Doi:10.1351/goldbook.
  • Mahaffy, P. G.; Bucat, B.; Tasker, R.; Kotz, J. C.; Treichel, P. M.; Weaver, G. C.; McMurry, J. Chemistry: Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity, 1st Canadian Edition; Nelson, 2011.

Image Credits: Sources for images are as follows:

Introduction

Key Idea 1: The Many Faces of Energy

  • Electric Heater: By aquila2664 - [Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carbon_heater.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Electrical Transmission Lines: By Jim Barton - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:High_voltage_grid_lines,_Smeaton_-_geograph.org.uk_-_1589958.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Coal-Fired Power Plant: By Beroesz - [public domain] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SSA40243hafen.JPG via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Petroleum Barrels: By Trevor MacInnis - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fuel_Barrels.JPG via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Buckets of Coal: By Evelyn Simak - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ten_buckets_of_coal_-_geograph.org.uk_-_761200.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
  • The Sun: By Arun Kulshreshtha - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Sun.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Steam Turbine Generator: By NRC - [public domain] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Modern_Steam_Turbine_Generator.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Wind Turbine: By JMT - [public domain] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Windmill_02.JPG via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Hydroelectric Station: By Oleg Storozhenko - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kurpsai_Hydroelectric_Station.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.

Key Idea 2: Describing Energy Transfers

  • Refrigerator: By Tomwsulcer - [public domain] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kitchen_design_at_a_store_in_NJ_refrigerator_and_cabinets_8.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Open Refrigerator: By Sannse - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fridge.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.

Key Idea 3: Heat

  • Lemonade: By Laffy4k - [Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:SimplyLemonade-ChrisMetcalf.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
  • IR image of stopper and water: By Joseph Zondervan.
  • Hydrogen Bonds:By User Qwerter at Czech wikipedia: Qwerter. Transferred from cs.wikipedia; Transfer was stated to be made by User:sevela.p. Translated to english by by Michal Maňas (User:snek01). Vectorized by Magasjukur2 (File:3D model hydrogen bonds in water.jpg) [CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Ocean: By psyberartist - [Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Distant_approach_%288045698947%29.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Storms: By NASA - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hurricane_Earl,_Tropical_Storm_Fiona,_and_Tropical_Storm_Gaston_over_ the_Atlantic_ocean_%282010-09-01%29.tif via Wikimedia Commons.

Key Idea 4: Work

  • Girl Studying: By Ignacio Leonardi - http://www.sxc.hu/browse.phtml?f=download&id=1109777.
  • Vehicles: By Ozgurmulazimoglu - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:21_nisan_2012_gazipa%C5%9Fa_gezisi_024.JPG via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Power Plant: By jacobr8893 - http://www.sxc.hu/photo/962122.

Key Idea 5: Energy and Phase Changes

  • Thunderstorm: By szeryfer - http://www.sxc.hu/photo/323549.
  • Kettle: By rat10 - http://www.sxc.hu/photo/124668.
  • IR image and visible light image of ice: By Joseph Zondervan.
  • IR image of back of refrigerator: By Darrell Vandenbrink.
  • Flood: By Axel Kuhlmann – [public domain] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flood_Destruction.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.

Key Idea 6: Energy and Chemical Reactions

  • Oil pump: By Axel Kuhlmann - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oil_pump_in_Baku.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.

Key Idea 7: Enthalpy

  • Coffee-cup Calorimeter: By Community College Consortium for Bioscience Credentials (Own work) [CC-BY-3.0], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Thermite reaction: By Nikthestunned - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ThermiteReaction.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Bomb calorimeter: By Akshat Goel - [Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license] - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bomb_Calorimeter.png via Wikimedia Commons.
  • Polar ice - By US Navy (Steven H. Vanderwerff) - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:961105-N-4482V-002_Polar_Ice_Cap.jpg via Wikimedia Commons.